Days of the Week, Months, Seasons, and the Date in French
Learning the date in another language is a very useful key detail to familiarize yourself with. It can help you tell people your birthday, plan a trip, or confirm a reservation at a hotel. In this post, we will look at the different words needed to talk about the date in French.
The Days of the Week
In most French calendars, the first day of the week is Monday, in comparison with most English calendars, where the first day of the week is Sunday. Notice that all days of the week are always in the lowercase in French, unless the word is at the beginning of a sentence. The days of the week are not considered a proper noun in French, unlike English.
There are quatre saisons en français, just like there are four seasons in English. Check them out below.
|l’hiver, en hiver||Winter, in the Winter|
|le printemps, au printemps||Spring, in the Spring|
|l’été’, en été||Summer, in the Summer|
|l’automne, en automne||Fall, in the Fall|
Just like the days of the week, all months of the year are in the lowercase in French, unless the word is at the beginning of a sentence. The months of the year are not considered a proper noun in French, unlike English.
Writing the Date
In French, there’s a specific “default” format to write the day. Typically in English, the date is written as:
It’s Wednesday March 30, 2022
However in French, they write it like so:
C’est mercredi le 30 mars 2022
Notice that mercredi and mars are all lowercase. Le will also always come before the number and there are no commas used in the date (since we use the comma to separate 30 from 2022 whereas 30 and 2022 are separated by mars in French).
If you are pronouncing the date, it is read as:
C’est mercredi le trente mars deux-mille-vingt-deux
For the day of the month, they literally say thirty, not the thirtieth like we would in English. Similarly with the year, you literally say two thousand twenty two instead of twenty twenty two like in English.
If the date lands on the first, there is a special rule. It is always read as le premier instead of le un; this is consistent with English.
C’est jeudi le 1er avril 2022
C’est jeudi le premier avril deux-mille-vingt-deux